The Danube River is one of the most important flows of water in Europe. It runs through 10 countries. Moreover, 4 of these countries built their capitals on the banks of the river. Although the river itself is very beautiful, The Danube (Rom. Dunare) was always a gateway and a wall. It was a defense for the inhabitants of it’s banks. There is much to talk about the river itself, but let’s focus on Danube Delta.
Did you know that The Danube Delta is the 3rd largest biodiverse ecosystem on Earth? It’s only surpassed by the Amazonian rain forest and the Great Barrier Reef.
The Danube Delta is a wonder of wildlife combined with traditional living and ecotourism. Here live 13 different ethnic groups, all seeking shelter and comfort in this wild area. Each group has it’s unique characteristics, but the most adapted to the area are the Lipovan, a people that live with the land. Great fishermen, fabulous cooks – the water is their life.
Here, hidden among the channels, in 1938, Letea Forest Natural Reservation was founded by royal decree. What’s so special about this forest? It’s the last place in Europe where wild horses still roam. This forest is also the most northern subtropical woodland in the world.
Nature at its best
If you like nature, this place will amaze you! It has 30 different habitats – it’s a mosaic – a natural gene bank. With its 14 endangered floral species and the biggest compact reed area in the world, the Delta is a maze of wonders. It has 30 endemic species of animals, 138 species of wasps and bees and even a locust that lives only on a small island in the Delta.
If you like fishing or bird watching, it’s a magnificent place to be; here nest most of migratory water birds in Europe. Pelicans, storks, egrets – it’s easy to see them, only if you respect their privacy (they do not like great noise from the motor boats).
Did you know that the golf formed between the Danube and the Black Sea was formed by a flash flooding around 10000 years ago? Around the Delta there are a lot of historic human settlements – some very large.
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